Why are neuron axons long and spindly? Study shows they’re optimizing signaling efficiency

A team of bioengineers at UC San Diego has answered a question that has long puzzled neuroscientists, and may hold a key to better understanding the complexities of neurological disorders: Why are neuron axons designed the way they are? The answer–that they’re designed to balance the speed that information flows into the neuron relative to the time it takes the neuron to process that information–seems intuitive, but has never been quantified until now.

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